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Abies fraseri

Common Name: Fraser Fir, Southern Balsam Fir, or  Southern Fir

Family: Pinaceae 

Collection Number: 
Entry Author:  C. Westring
Description:  An evergreen with an open, symmetrical, pyramidal to spire-shaped crown
Needles: 
1.2-2.5 cm X 1.5-2 mm; flexible, flattened; odor is turpentine-like; upper surface is a dark lustrous green, sometimes slightly glaucous
Cones: 
 Cylindrical; 3.5-6 cm X 2.5-4 cm; immature cones are dark purple overlaid with yellowish green bracts turning tan to medium brown with age; sessile; apex rounded
Bark: 
Grayish green, thin and smooth, with age developing appressed reddish brown scales that later turn gray
Branching Pattern:  Branches diverge from the trunk at right angles
Height:  25 meters tall
Conditions/Habitat/Kind of Forest:  Prefers moist, well-drained loam; full sun is best
Range:   Appalachian Mountains in the southeastern United States
Zone:  4
Conservation Status-US/ World Wide:
  Vulnerable
Uses (Human):  .A favored Christmas tree

References:
Gymnosperm Database, University of Bonn
http://www.botanik.uni-bonn.de/conifers/pi/ab/fraseri.htm

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php?species=32101

UConn Plant Database
http://www.hort.uconn.edu/Plants/a/abifra/abifra1.html


 


    


Needles

This page was created by: C. Westring, Muhlenberg College
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Last updated 01/28/05