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Juniperus communis

Common Name: Common juniper

Family: 
Cupressaceae

 

Collection Number: 
Entry Author:  C. Westring
Description:  Can exist as shrubs or trees.    
Needles: 
Green but sometimes appear silver.  Sword-like.  About 1/3 to 1/2 inch long, arrange in 3
Cones: 
About 1/4 inch in diameter.  Round with smooth, leathery scales.  Always covered with white bloom
Bark: 
Brown, fibrous, exfoliating into strips or plates
Branching Pattern:  Spreading or ascending.  
Height:  Shrubs- 4m; Trees- 10m 
Conditions/Habitat/Kind of Forest:  
Range:   W & N Asia, N America, Europe, N Africa
Zone: 2
Conservation Status-US/ World Wide:  Not threatened
Uses (Human):  The seed cones are used to flavor gin

References:
Gymnosperm Database, University of Bonn
http://www.botanik.uni-bonn.de/conifers/cu/ju/communis.htm

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php?species=42229

Dendrology at Virginia Tech
http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/Jcommunis.htm

Department of Horticulture
http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/jucop.htm

 

 


Needles

 
Branches

This page was created by: C. Westring, Muhlenberg College
For questions or concerns regarding the Graver Web site, contact lrosen@muhlenberg.edu
Last updated 01/21/05