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Picea abies

Common Name: Norway Spruce
Family: Pinaceae 

Collection Number: 481
Entry Author: K. Rice
Description: Straight trunk with conic crown.
Needles: 1/2 - 1 in. long dark green in color.
Cones:  4-6 in. long with stiff scales.
Bark: Orange-brown and finely flaking on younger trees becoming gray-brown and scaly on old trees.
Branching Pattern: Branches hang downward.
Height: 60 - 90 ft.
Life Span: Rarely exceeds 220 years.
Hardiness Zone: 2 to 7
Conditions/Habitat/Kind of Forest: The most climatically tolerant species in the genus.
Range: North-central United States and adjacent in Canada.
Hardiness Zone: 2 to 7
Ecological Interactions:  Known to appeal to birds, mammals, butterflies and other beneficial insects, and the trees will help meet one or more of an animal's basic needs. These plants are also recognized for their general landscape usefulness and ornamental impact.
Conservation Status-US/ World Wide:
Low risk of becoming endangered.
Uses (Human): A timber tree of major economic importance. Norway Spruce is commonly used as a Christmas tree. An herbal tea can be made from the leafy twigs and is reputed to have various curative powers, not tested medicinally.


Gymnosperm Database, University of Bonn

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species  

Missouri Botanical Gardens Kemper Center for Home Gardening

Petrides, George A. (1986). Peterson Field Guides - Trees and Shrubs. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company

University of Delaware Botanic Gardens, Picea abies



This page was created by: K. Rice
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Last updated 12/01/04