Common Name: Engelmann Spruce
|Collection Number: 68|
Entry Author: K. Rice
Description: Straight trunk with narrowly conic crown.
Needles: 1 - 1-1/8 in. long blue-green in color.
Cones: 1 - 2-1/2 in. long with thin papery scales.
Bark: Thin and broken into large purplish brown to russet-red, thin, loosely attached scales.
Height: 100 - 120 ft.
Life Span: 400 years on average.
Zone: 2 to 5
Conditions/Habitat/Kind of Forest: Deep, rich, loamy soils with high moisture content.
Range: Canada: Alberta, British Columbia; USA: Washington, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, Oregon, California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico.
Hardiness Zone: 2 to 5
Ecological Interactions: The Englemann Spruce bark beetle has damaged mature trees in the Rocky mountains. There is also concern over spruce budworm infestations.
Conservation Status-US/ World Wide: Low risk of becoming endangered.
Gymnosperm Database, University of Bonn
Harlow, William M., Harrar, Ellwood S., and White, Fred M. (1979). Textbook of Dendrology Covering the Important Forest Trees of the United States and Canada. New York. McGraw-Hill Book Company.
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Missouri Botanical Gardens Kemper Center for Home Gardening
This page was created by: K. Rice
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Last updated 12/01/04