Common Name: Japanese Bush Spruce
Entry Author: K. Rice
Description: A large ever green tree with greyish brown thick fissured bark.
Needles: Deep green, leathery, linear, 0.4 - 0.8 inches long.
Cones: Brown when ripe (October), oblong or cylindrical-oblong, 1-1/2 to 2-3/4 inches long, scales thinly woody.
Bark: Grey-brown, fissured, peeling off in thick scales.
Height: 60 to 80 feet
Conditions/Habitat/Kind of Forest: Prefers full sun; soil should be moist.
Range: Japan: C Honshu (Chichibu Mountain Range, Yatsugatake Mts. and Mt. Senjogatake). Also reported montane woodland on Fuji-San.
Hardiness Range: 5 to 8
Conservation Status-US/ World Wide: Both varieties are listed by the WCMC as vulnerable: "confined to small and scattered populations in degraded montane woodland ... Both the habitat and the tree have been overexploited. Much of the habitat remains degraded and regeneration is poor"
Uses (Human): The wood could be used for buildings, paper pulp.
Gymnosperm Database, University of Bonn
Horticopa On-Line Plant Information
(World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Trees).
This page was created by: K. Rice
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Last updated 01/19/05