MMuhlenberg College


Graver Home

Virtual Tour
Collections
 
Picea maximowiczii

Common Name: Japanese Bush Spruce
        
Family: Pinaceae 
  

Collection Number:
Entry Author: K. Rice
Description: 
A large ever green tree with greyish brown thick fissured bark.
Needles: Deep green, leathery, linear, 0.4 - 0.8 inches long.
Cones: Brown when ripe (October), oblong or cylindrical-oblong, 1-1/2 to 2-3/4 inches long, scales thinly woody.
Bark: Grey-brown, fissured, peeling off in thick scales.
Height: 60 to 80 feet
Conditions/Habitat/Kind of Forest:
Prefers full sun; soil should be moist.
Range: Japan: C Honshu (Chichibu Mountain Range, Yatsugatake Mts. and Mt. Senjogatake). Also reported montane woodland on Fuji-San.
Hardiness Range: 5 to 8
Conservation Status-US/ World Wide: Both varieties are listed by the WCMC as vulnerable: "confined to small and scattered populations in degraded montane woodland ... Both the habitat and the tree have been overexploited. Much of the habitat remains degraded and regeneration is poor"
Uses (Human): The wood could be used for buildings, paper pulp.

References:

Gymnosperm Database, University of Bonn
http://www.botanik.uni-bonn.de/conifers/pi/pic/maxomowiczii.htm

Horticopa On-Line Plant Information
http://www.horticopia.com/hortpix/html/pc4123.htm

Tree Encyclopedia
http://www005.upp.so-net.ne.jp/goostake/GOO/XHIMEBRM.HTM

(World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Trees).
http://www.wcmc.org.uk/cgi-bin/SaCGI.cgi/trees.exe


Branches

 

This page was created by: K. Rice
For questions or concerns regarding the Graver Web site, contact lrosen@muhlenberg.edu
Last updated 01/19/05