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Picea omorika

Common Name: Serbian Spruce
        
Family: Pinaceae 
  

    

  
Branches

Collection Number: 414
Entry Author: K. Rice
Description: Narrow-pyramidal, straight tree to trunk.
Needles: 1 in long, dark green on top lighter blue underneath.
Cones: 2 - 3 in long, broad and round.
Bark: Thin, red-brown.
Branching Pattern: Side branches have ascending tips. 
Height: 40 to 60 feet
Life Span:
USDA Zone: 4 to 7
Conditions/Habitat/Kind of Forest: This fast growing tree is tolerant of a wide variety of soil conditions--wet or dry and slightly acid or alkaline.   In the wild it is found on steep north facing mountain slopes.
Range: Western Serbia and Eastern Bosnia in a small area around the river Drina, on the following mountains: Tara, Zvijezda, Viogor, Radomišlja, Jadovnik.
Conservation Status-US/ World Wide: It was logged until the early 20th century, but the few remaining small stands are protected. The World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Trees database reports that it is known from fewer than 1000 trees, occurring on 60 ha of forest in Pancic Narodni Nature Reserve in the Tara Mts. The only threat appears to come from competition with P. abies and Fagus orientalis.
Uses (Human): Its wood is similar to that of the common European spruce Picea abies. It is widely planted as an ornamental tree in central and northern Europe and North America, and is sometimes used in forestry in these areas. It is exceptionally suitable to horticultural applications, being tolerant of poor soils, fast-growing to a height of about 50 feet, and tolerant of air pollution.

References:

Gymnosperm Database, University of Bonn
http://www.botanik.uni-bonn.de/conifers/pi/pic/omorika.htm


IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php?species=30313

Missouri Botanical Gardens Kemper Center for Home Gardening
http://www.mobot.org/gardeninghelp/plantfinder/Plant.asp?code=H220

University of Connecticut Campus Plants
http://www.hort.uconn.edu/plants/campus/uconn/ever/walk3/261W3.pdf.

This page was created by: K. Rice, Muhlenberg College
For questions or concerns regarding the Graver Web site, contact lrosen@muhlenberg.edu
Last updated 01/19/05