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Pinus nigra

Common Name:        Austrian Pine
Family: Pinaceae 
  



  

     

Collection Number:
Entry Author: Jeff Chichester.
Description:  A large pyramidal shape with upward bending branches toward the top of the tree, giving the appearance of a flattened top.
Needles:  4 to 6 inches in length,  flexible with  dark green needles in bundles of two.
Cones:  The cones are ovoid in shape and grow up to 2 to 3 inches in length.
Bark:  Gray to brown color, thick, and scaly-plated.  The bark becomes deeply fissured as the tree matures.
Branching Pattern:
Height:  50 to 70 feet.
Range:  Mountains of the Northeastern Mediterranean region of Europe.
USDA Hardiness Zone:  5
Conservation Status-US/ World Wide:
Uses (Human):  Widely used ornamentally, and as shelterbelts in forestry. 
Comments:  This tree is very pollution tolerant.

References:

Gymnosperm Database, University of Bonn.
http://www.canr.uconn.edu/plsci/mbrand/p/pinnig/pinnig1.html
 
Dendrology at Virginia Tech
http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/pnigra.htm

University of Connecticut Plant Database
http://www.canr.uconn.edu/plsci/mbrand/p/pinnig/pinnig1.html

This page was created by: Jeff Chichester, Northampton Community College, and Keith Rice, Muhlenberg College.
For questions or concerns regarding the Graver Web site, contact lrosen@muhlenberg.edu
Last updated 03/16/05