Entry Author: K. Rice
Description: a flat-topped crown when mature (hence the scientific name, 'table-shaped'. Broadly spreading shape is very pronounced
Needles: The needle-like leaves are shiny grey-green, 4-7 inches long, usually in pairs but occasionally in threes at the tips of strong shoots on young trees.
Cones: The cones are green, ripening brown about 20 months after pollination, broad ovoid, 1.5-2.5 inches long, with broad scales, each scale with a small prickle.
Bark: The grey-brown bark fissures at an early age compared to other trees.
Branching Pattern: Long horizontal branching pattern.
Height: To 60 feet
Conditions/Habitat/Kind of Forest: Prefers light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, requires well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. It also prefers acid and neutral soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It requires dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.
Range: China and Korea
USDA Hardy Zone: 5
Ecological Interactions: Bark Beetles
Uses (Human): A vanillin flavoring is obtained as a by-product of other resins that are released from the pulpwood. The timber is used for construction, poles, mine timber, ship building, and furniture. In China it is often found in the palaces, monasteries, and large estates. It is is uncommon in cultivation outside of China, grown only in botanic gardens.
van Gelderen, D.M. and Van Hoey Smith, J.R.P. (1996). Conifers The Illustrated Encyclopedia Volume1: A-K. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press.
Gymnosperm Database, University of Bonn
Plants for a Future
This page was created by: K. Rice
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Last update 03/16/05