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Thuja occidentalis

Common Name: Northern White Cedar

Family: Cupressaceae

Collection Number: 
Entry Author:  C. Westring
Description:  A small tree with a pyramidal shape, often with several main trunks
Evergreen, scale-like, on main shoots, 1/4 inch long with long points. Lateral shoots are flattened, 1/8 inch long with short points.
Small brown to tan cones with thin, overlapping scales 
Fibrous, red-brown to gray. Diamond-shaped patterns are usually apparent
Branching Pattern:  Flattened sprays that are typically aligned vertically 
Height:  30 to 50 feet tall
Conditions/Habitat/Kind of Forest:  Swamps and limestone soils
Range:  North America
Zone: 3
Conservation Status-US/ World Wide:  Not threatened
Uses (Human):  Believed to have cured the men of Jacques Cartier's Canadian expedition of scurvy.  Used by the Indians for canoes.  Today, the wood is used to make shingles.

Dendrology at Virginia Tech

UConn Plant Database

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Petrides, George A. (1972).  Peterson Field Guides- Field Guide to Trees and Shrubs.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company



This page was created by: C. Westring, Muhlenberg College
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Last updated 01/19/05