MMuhlenberg College


Graver Home

 
Virtual Tour
Collections


View of full plant


Note yellow flower clusters


 

Zizia aurea

Common Name: Golden Alexander
Family: Apiaceae


Description:  This perennial is characterized by its compounded leaves and a bright yellow cluster of flowers at the top of the plant.
Leaves: 
The leaves are double compounded and are divided up to 3 times. The leaflets themselves can be either lanced or oval shaped and finely toothed.
Flowers:
  The tiny yellow flowers are found in clusters at the top of the plant. The clusters tend to be 2 inches across. In each individual flower the leaves are folded in on themselves. It flowers in spring to early summer.
Seeds:
 
Stem:  The stem is branching, erect and can have a reddish tinge.
Branching Pattern:
  Alternate
Height: 1-3 feet 
Conditions/Habitat/Kind of Forest:  Meadows, wet thickets, swamps. Does not like the shade and requires moist soil
Known Wildlife Interactions: The plant can be pollinated by insects. However, also note that this plant can also self-pollinate.
Range:  Quebec, Canada down the eastern United States to Florida and Texas.
Conservation Status-US/ World Wide: Not threatened in U.S. or globally.
Uses (Human): Flowers can be added to salads. It has also been used as a tea to treat headaches.

References:

Connecticut Wildflowers.  January 20, 2006.  Connecticut Botanical Society.  Accessed:  March 14, 2006. <http://www.ct-botanical-society.org/galleries/polygonumsagi.html>

Plants for a Future.  June 2004.  Accessed: March 14, 2006.  <http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Polygonum+sagittatum>

The Pennsylvania Flora Project.  Botany Department, Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania.  Accessed:  March 14, 2006. <http://www.paflora.org>

Missouri Flora Website. http://www.missouriplants.com/Yellowalt/Zizia_aurea_page.html 

Newcomb, Lawrence. Newcomb's Wildflower Guide. 1977. pg. 226

Peterson, Roger T., MicKenny, Margaret. Wildflowers: Northeast/ North-Central America. Peterson Field Guides.1996. pg 162

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species <http://www.iucnredlist.org>

This page was created by: A Coiro, Muhlenberg College
Photos by: L. Rosenberg, edited by N. Smith
Last updated 04/25/06