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Note yellow flower clusters


Zizia aurea

Common Name: Golden Alexander
Family: Apiaceae

Description:  This perennial is characterized by its compounded leaves and a bright yellow cluster of flowers at the top of the plant.
The leaves are double compounded and are divided up to 3 times. The leaflets themselves can be either lanced or oval shaped and finely toothed.
  The tiny yellow flowers are found in clusters at the top of the plant. The clusters tend to be 2 inches across. In each individual flower the leaves are folded in on themselves. It flowers in spring to early summer.
Stem:  The stem is branching, erect and can have a reddish tinge.
Branching Pattern:
Height: 1-3 feet 
Conditions/Habitat/Kind of Forest:  Meadows, wet thickets, swamps. Does not like the shade and requires moist soil
Known Wildlife Interactions: The plant can be pollinated by insects. However, also note that this plant can also self-pollinate.
Range:  Quebec, Canada down the eastern United States to Florida and Texas.
Conservation Status-US/ World Wide: Not threatened in U.S. or globally.
Uses (Human): Flowers can be added to salads. It has also been used as a tea to treat headaches.


Connecticut Wildflowers.  January 20, 2006.  Connecticut Botanical Society.  Accessed:  March 14, 2006. <>

Plants for a Future.  June 2004.  Accessed: March 14, 2006.  <>

The Pennsylvania Flora Project.  Botany Department, Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania.  Accessed:  March 14, 2006. <>

Missouri Flora Website. 

Newcomb, Lawrence. Newcomb's Wildflower Guide. 1977. pg. 226

Peterson, Roger T., MicKenny, Margaret. Wildflowers: Northeast/ North-Central America. Peterson Field Guides.1996. pg 162

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species <>

This page was created by: A Coiro, Muhlenberg College
Photos by: L. Rosenberg, edited by N. Smith
Last updated 04/25/06