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Saxifraga pensylvanica

Common Name: Swamp Saxifrage
Family: Saxifragaceae


Entry Author:  C. Westring
Description:  A perennial herb with a thickened rootstock
Leaves: 
Toothed or wavy-edged lanceolate leaves in a circular cluster that radiate from the center
Flowers: 
Small (3 mm wide), star-shaped, five-petaled, greenish-white flowers that occur in stalked loose clusters along a hairy but leafless stem.
Seeds: 
Found within a 2-beaked capsule
Stem:  Erect, arising from the middle of the cluster of basal leaves; hairy; bearing only flowers
Branching Pattern:
   Basal rosette
Height:  30-90 cm
Conditions/Habitat/Kind of Forest:  Wet meadows, swamps, boggy thickets, and seeping banks.
Range:  Northeastern part of the United States
Conservation Status-US/ World Wide:  Endangered in Indiana and Kentucky; Threatened in Maine
Uses (Human):  Eaten raw or cooked; used in salads.  Used as a blood purifier and to treat kidney and gallbladder stones.

References:
     

Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains.  February 23, 2005.  Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center.  Accessed: November 29, 2005. <http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/othrdata/plntguid/species/saxipens.htm>

Maine Natural Areas Program.  2004.  Commissioner of the Department of Conservation.  Accessed: November 29, 2005.  <http://www.mainenaturalareas.org/docs/rare_plants/links/factsheets/
saxifragapensylvanica.pdf
>

Plants for a Future.  June 2004.  Accessed: November 29, 2005.   <http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Saxifraga+pensylvanica>

Thieret, John W.   National Audubon Society Field Guide to Wildflowers: Eastern Region (Rev. Ed.).  New York: Alfred A. Knopf Inc., 2001.

This page was created by: C. Westring, Muhlenberg College
Last updated 12/21/05