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fruiting body


Top picture is of flower and bottom is of seedling


 

Arisaema triphyllum

Common Name: Jack-in-the-Pulpit
Family: Araceae


Description: This perennial is known for its distinctive flower and bright fruiting bodies.  
Leaves: 
Commonly there is either on leaf or two leaves that end in three leaflets. The leaflets are elliptical in shape, green and pointed at both ends.
Flowers: 
This strange looking flower consists of a pulpit structure or spathe, with a canopy folded over the top. It also has a distinctive striped pattern of green and purple-brown. The flowers appear between May and June and grown 3-4 inches high. 
Seeds: 
A dense cluster of scarlet berries.
Stem:  Grows from a underground tuber.
Branching Pattern:
  Leaves arranged in whorled pattern around the stem
Height: 1-3 feet 
Conditions/Habitat/Kind of Forest:  shrubs, swamps moist soil, shade tolerant, moist forest and swamps, wet bogs and swamps
Known Wildlife Interactions: The flower is pollinated by insects. While, the fruit is eaten by small mammals such as raccoon, beaver, chipmunk; and birds.
Range:  Found in eastern North America from Quebec to Louisiana and Kansas.
Conservation Status-US/ World Wide:  Not threatened in U.S. or globally.
Uses (Human):
This plant can be eaten but first it has to be dried or cooked to neutralize the calcium oxylate.

References:

Connecticut Wildflowers.  January 20, 2006.  Connecticut Botanical Society.  Accessed:  January 20, 2006. <http://www.ct-botanical-society.org/galleries/polygonumsagi.html>

Plants for a Future.  June 2004.  Accessed: January 20, 2006.  <http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Polygonum+sagittatum>

The Pennsylvania Flora Project.  Botany Department, Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania.  Accessed:  January 20, 2006. <http://www.paflora.org>

Redington, Charles B. Plants in Wetlands. Redington Field Guides.1994. pg. 208

Newcomb, Lawrence. Newcomb's Wildflower Guide. 1977. pg. 36

Peterson, Roger T., MicKenny, Margaret. Wildflowers: Northeast/ North-Central Amercia. Peterson Field Guides.1996. pg. 368

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species <http://www.iucnredlist.org>

This page was created by: A Coiro, Muhlenberg College
Photos by: L. Rosenberg, edited by N. Smith
Last updated 04/25/06