Common Names: Rice
|Entry Author: C.
Description: Loosely tufted perennial grass creeping from rhizomes; recognized by its rough, saw-toothed leaf edges that can tear through skin, and its spikelets
Leaves: Flat, elongated, with small but sharp-cutting teeth along the edges, 15-30 cm long, 6-15 mm wide
Flowers: One flower per spikelet, with many spikelets arranged in a panicle up to 20 cm long; each spikelet greenish-white, oblong, 4-6 mm long
Seeds: Grains are red-brown, ellipsoid, 3 mm long
Stem: Reclining to ascending, branching, and arising from a slender, elongated rhizome.
Branching Pattern: Leaves attached to the stem via a sheath
Height: 1-1.5 meters, erect or sprawling
Conditions/Habitat/Kind of Forest: Marshes, wet meadows, and on the borders of lakes, ponds and streams
Range: Throughout the continental United States
Conservation Status-US/ World Wide: Not threatened
Uses (Human): The seeds and greens are regularly consumed by mammals, birds, and reptiles. This plant also serves as the larval food plant for butterflies.
The Pennsylvania Flora Project. Botany Department, Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania. Accessed: January 20, 2006. <http://www.paflora.org/Web3/Searchbyplantname_detail.asp?key=1495&itemNumber=0>
Redington, Charles B. Plants in Wetlands. Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 1994.
This page was created by: J. Rogers,
Northampton Community College, and K. Rice and C. Westring, Muhlenberg
Last updated 01/24/06