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Amelanchier arborea

Common Name: Shadbush, Juneberry, Serviceberry
Family: Rosaceae

Description:  This shrub or small tree can be identified by its multiple stems and showy white flowers which appear between April and June.
 Leave are oval and toothed. The underside of the leaf is white and wooly. In the fall the leaves turn yellow-orange to red and are dropped early.
The drooping white flower are supported by a hairy flower stock. They also appear before the leaves.
The red fruits ripen in June. They then dry out and are tasteless.
Stem:  The multiple stems are erect with grey bark. There can be also be vertical fissures. They young stems are olive green in color.
Branching Pattern:
Height:  15 - 25 feet
Conditions/Habitat/Kind of Forest:  Shadbush can be found in thickets, wooded swamps, and in low wet areas. It requires moist soil and grows best in full sun to partial shade.
Known Wildlife Interactions: The flowers are either self-pollinated or insect pollinated. The twigs and berries are eaten by squirrels, beavers, skunk and whitetail deer along with numerous species of birds 
Range:  Found in Northeastern United States south to Florida and west to Iowa. 
Conservation Status-US/ World Wide: Not threatened in the U.S. or globally.
Uses (Human): The fruits are high in vitamin C and are used to make jams and jellies.


The Pennsylvania Flora Project.  Botany Department, Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania.  Accessed:  April 4, 2006. <>

UConn Plant Database. University of Connecticut. 2001. Accessed April 4, 2006.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species <>

Peterson, Roger T., MicKenny, Margaret. Wildflowers: Northeast/ North-Central America. Peterson Field Guides.1996. pg 2

Newcomb, Lawrence. Newcomb's Wildflower Guide. 1977. pg. 314

Redington, Charles B. Plants in Wetlands. Redington Field Guides.1994. pg. 124


This page was created by: A. Coiro, Muhlenberg College
Photos by: L. Rosenberg, edited by N. Smith
Last updated 04/25/06