Common Name of Species: Cardinal
Entry Author: C. Friedl,
Description: Cardinal Flower can be identified by its uniquely shaped shockingly scarlet, flower heads. These are highly visible along the edges of swamps, streams and ponds.
Leaves: Leaves can reach 6 inches in length, are lance shaped and toothless.
Flowers: Corolla 1 ½ inch long, 2 lipped; upper corolla lip 2 lobed, split between lobes; lower corolla lip 3-lobed; united stamens forming a tube around style, extending beyond corolla. (Audubon)
Stem: Erect, non-branching stem.
Height: 2-4 feet tall.
Branching Pattern of Leaves: Leaves are alternate to one another.
Conditions/Habitat: Damp fields and meadows, especially along streams and ponds.
Range: : North from New England to Florida, and West to Texas, and North to Nebraska.
Niering, W.A., Olmstead, N.C, & Thieret, J.W. (2001). National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Wildflowers Eastern Region (Revised Edition). New York: Random House Inc.
Newcomb, Lawrence (1977). Newcomb’s Wildflower Guide. New York: Little, Brown.
McKenny, M. & Peterson R.T. (1996). Peterson Field Guides: Wildflowers Northeastern/ North-central North America. New York: Houghton Mifflin.
USDA, NRCS (2004). Plants Database, Version 3.05 (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874 USA.
This page was created by: C. Friedl,
Last updated 12/15/05