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Prunella vulgaris

Common Name of Species: Heal-all
Family: Lamiaceae


Entry Author:  C. Friedl, Muhlenberg College
Description: 
Heal-all can be identified by its flower head, which is very small but vibrant violet in, color, hooded and fringed on the lower lip. 
Leaves:
Leaves are completely uniform.  Can be either lance or ovate shaped, and smooth or slightly toothed.  1-3 inches in length.
Flowers: 
Flowers are hooded with a lower lip that is drooping and fringed. Approximately ˝ inch long.  Grow in small clusters.
Stem: 
Stems are sprawling with many subdivisions. 
Height: 
6-12 inches, mostly sprawling.
Branching Pattern of Leaves: Leaves grow opposite to one another. 

Conditions/Habitat: Can be found growing low to the ground, sprawling across grass, gardens, fields and roadsides. 
Range: 
Throughout North America 

References:
Niering, W.A., Olmstead, N.C, & Thieret, J.W. (2001). National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Wildflowers Eastern Region (Revised Edition).  New York: Random House Inc.

Newcomb, Lawrence (1977).  Newcomb’s Wildflower Guide.  New York: Little, Brown.
     

McKenny, M. & Peterson R.T. (1996). Peterson Field Guides: Wildflowers Northeastern/ North-central North America. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

USDA, NRCS (2004). Plants Database, Version 3.05 (http://plants.usda.gov).  National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874 USA.


     

This page was created by: C. Friedl, Muhlenberg College
Last updated 11/10/05