Common Name of Species:
Author: C. Friedl, Muhlenberg College
Key Characteristics: Late
goldenrod can be distinguished from the many other similar species of
goldenrod by its smooth pale green, or sometimes light purple stem.
The stem may also have a whitish bloom, although the bloom would
never be classified as rough.
are lance shaped, sharply toothed, tapering towards the bottom and
tipped at the top. Leaves are distinctly 3 veined, with 2 veins that run
parallel to the midrib. 5
inches long, and can be as wide a ¾ inch.
small flower heads grow in the shape of a panicle made of many braches.
Each individual flower head is brilliant yellow in color, and 1/8
¼ of an inch wide, with 7-17 tiny rays.
are erect, and either light green, or with a purple/blue tinge.
Most are smooth, although some have a very soft, white bloom
Branching Pattern: Leaves
grow alternate to one another.
Height: 2-8 feet tall
be found in thickets, clearings and along the roadside.
Range: Throughout eastern
W.A., Olmstead, N.C, & Thieret, J.W. (2001). National Audubon
Society Field Guide to North American Wildflowers Eastern Region
(Revised Edition). New York: Random House Inc.
Lawrence (1977). Newcombs
Wildflower Guide. New
York: Little, Brown.
M. & Peterson R.T. (1996). Peterson Field Guides: Wildflowers
Northeastern/ North-central North America. New York: Houghton
NRCS (2004). Plants Database, Version 3.05 (http://plants.usda.gov).
National Plant Data Center,
Baton Rouge, LA 70874 USA.