Finding Psychological Measures and Manipulations


****This page is no longer being maintained. Please do not contact the page author or Muhlenberg College with any questions, corrections, or additions. We regret any inconvenience. Our institution, like many, now subscribes to PsycTESTS (see below).****

The American Psychological Association (APA) now provides PsycTESTS: a research database that provides access to psychological tests, measures, scales, surveys, and other assessments as well as descriptive information about the test and its development and administration. If your college or university's library has purchased access to this database, that is the best place to start.

****Last update: July 2010. The information below is not up-to-date. This page is no longer being updated.****


BOOKS & CATALOGS OF MEASURES   (Search for a specific construct)

BOOKS

WEB RESOURCES

bullet Online compendium of free, public-domain psychometric instruments. http://www.webpages.ttu.edu/areifman/qic.htm
bullet A database of many psychological scales: http://www.yorku.ca/rokada/psyctest/
bullet From Psych Web: http://www.psywww.com/resource/bytopic/testing.html.  "These free tests are range from self-diagnostic psychiatric screening tests to academic research projects gathering data online. Other tests are enticements to pay for further services (books or web site memberships) and some are labeled "for entertainment only." Listed are the free online tests [Dr. Dewey] considers the best (or, in a few cases, most revealing of common problems in test construction)."
bullet General "Personality" Items: The International Personality Item Pool is an excellent collection of items assessing a wide range of constructs related broadly to personality. These items have been indexed into various scales, with internal consistency (reliability) information available for each. The items are available for free use. Examples of constructs: the Big Five, depression, dissociation, self-esteem, emotional stability, perfectionism and many more. For an index of items organized into scales, see http://ipip.ori.org/newIndexofScaleLabels.htm.
bullet ETS - The Test Collection at ETS is a library of more than 25,000 tests and other measurement devices that makes information on standardized tests and research instruments available to researchers, graduate students, and teachers. Be sure to read "Terms of Use." http://www.ets.org/testcoll/index.html.
bullet Psychonomic Society Archive of Norms, Stimuli, and Data http://www.psychonomic.org/archive


SEARCH FOR SPECIFIC CONSTRUCTS


This is an eclectic list composed of resources students and faculty have come across in their own research. The last update was July 2010, and this page is no longer being maintained. The American Psychological Association (APA) now provides PsycTESTS: a research database that provides access to psychological tests, measures, scales, surveys, and other assessments as well as descriptive information about the test and its development and administration. If your college or university's library has purchased access to this database, that is the best place to start.

A    B    C    D    E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X   Y   Z





Academic Self-Efficacy




Acculturation Measures




Affiliation




Agentic (vs. communal) orientation

see Individualism vs. Collectivism



Aggression & Assertiveness




Alcohol Use and Abuse




Ambiguity

see Uncertainty



Anagrams for Use as Stimulus Materials





Anger

see Vengeance

 

Anxiety


To see a preview copy of the STAI scale, or to get more information, try any of the below:



Math/Computer Anxiety



Social anxiety


see also Psychological Well-being



Approach-Avoidance
 




Attachment (Relationship) Styles



Attachment Threat/Challenge manipulations




Attraction (to celebrities, television or media characters)




Attractiveness

see Physical Attractiveness

see Body Image





Belonging (e.g., need to belong)




Belief in a Just World

see Just World



Body Image/Esteem





Bogus (False) feedback manipulations

Remote Associates Test


Other bogus feedback ideas...



see also Racism





Cheating Manipulations



see also Games


Child-parent relationships

see Parent-Child


Cognitive Load (Manipulations)

see also Working Memory


Web-based "remember a number" cognitive load tips/tricks:




Collectivism

see Individualism vs. Collectivism



College Outcomes & Experiences




Commitment (general attitude, fear of)

Other more general sources suggested:




Communal

see Individualism vs. Collectivism



Competition (Competitiveness & related constructs)




Computer Anxiety

see Anxiety


Conformity




Conscience




Consumer Confidence/Social Mood

 

Control (e.g., desire for, need for, self-control)




Cooperation

see Competition



Cortisol Samples





Culture (openness to)

see Openness


Cynicism


Organizational Cynicism:







Depression



Dislike

see Like/Dislike Manipulations


Disability (Attitudes toward)

 

Diversity

see Openness


Doctors (Attitudes of)  







Egalitarianism

General



"Chronic" Egalitarianism




Emotion

Stimuli to provoke emotions



See also:



Measures of Emotion - Implicit, Physiological or Indirect



Reference Readings



Measures of Emotion - Explicit


see also Mood



Emotional Intelligence



Empathy



Ethnic Identity

see Racial/Ethnic Identity





Faces/People

Photographs of people to use as study stimuli

Here are additional databases not currently listed on the Face Recognition Database page:



Free or relatively inexpensive software to create or change the appearance of faces/photos.




Fraternities

See sororities and fraternities





Games (for use in various manipulations)


see also Cheating Manipulations




Group Performance Manipulations





Gender (Roles/Beliefs/Identity)


Guilt (& Shame)




Greek Life

see Sororities and fraternities


 


Habit Strength





Happiness & Life Satisfaction 




Health


Measures of Physical Health




Hormones


see cortisol samples

 

Hostility





Identity/Identification


see also Racial/Ethnic Identity

see also Individualism/Collectivism

see also Perceived Similarity



Individualism vs.  Collectivism (Communal & Agentic Orientations, Independent vs. Interdependent)




Implicit Attitudes




Inequality/Legitimacy




Intelligence

see Reasoning Skills



Intimacy (fear of)







Just World











Leadership




Learned Helplessness (manipulation paradigms)




Legitimacy

see Inequality/Legitimacy

 

Like/Dislike Manipulations

see also Perceived Similarity

 

Locus of control




Loneliness







Math Anxiety

see Anxiety




Mental Illness (attitudes toward)


Mentors (responsiveness)



Meritocracy Beliefs




Mindfulness




Mood




Morality/Ethics




Multicultural Measures

see Acculturation

see Racial/Ethnic Identity








Narcissism




Nonsense Words/Non-words

see Words


 


Openness (to diversity, to other cultures)




Optimism







Parent-Child Relationships




Perceived Similarity (manipulation ideas)

 



Personality Measures



NEO-PI



Big 5 Measures


Other personality measures




Pet Attachment/Attitudes




Photographs (for stimulus materials)

see Faces



Physical Attractiveness (importance of)





Politics (e.g., interest in/Political Identity)




Political Correctness



Positive Psychology Measures

see also Happiness & Life Satisfaction



Power

see Competition



Prejudice

See the following: 


Disability


Inequality


Gender


Mental Illness


Racism


Sexual Orientation


Sororities/Fraternities


Weight
Bias

 


Priming



Elderly Subtype Primes




Group Primes

 

Religion




Procrastination




Psychological Well-being

see also Self-esteeem

see also Positive Psychology

see also Mood

see also Emotion









Racial/Ethnic Identity




Racism



Belief that one can fight racism



Manipulations giving false feedback about racism




Reasoning Skills ("Intelligence")




Relationships (Satisfaction and other issues)



Relationship Manipulations (Closeness Induction Tasks)




Religion (Religiosity)




Risk-taking




Revenge

see vengeance



(State) Rumination/Reflection






Self-Affirmation




Self-Confidence




Self-consciousness




Self-efficacy

Self-esteem

Collective Self-Esteem

Contingencies of Self-Worth


State Self-Esteem



see also Psychological Well-Being

see also Positive Psychology


Self-monitoring

 

Sensation-seeking

see Risk-taking


Sexual Behavior/Sexuality




Sexual Orientation (various topics)




Sex Roles

see Gender



Shame


see Guilt



Shyness




Similarity


see Perceived Similarity



Social anxiety

see Anxiety



Social desirability





Social Identity


see Communal & Agentic Orientations

see Racial/Ethnic Identity



Social Skills





Social Support




Sororities & Fraternities (Attitudes toward/of)




Stereotype Threat (Dispositional measures)




Stigma


see also Racial/Ethnic Identity

see also Prejudice




Stress

Measures



Stress Manipulations




Subjective Well-being

see Psychological Well-being




Success (fear of)








Threat Manipulations

see Bogus feedback



Tolerance for Uncertainty


see Uncertainty



Trust







Uncertainty (tolerance for; need for closure, need for structure)






Vengeance/Revenge/Anger







Weight Bias

 

Words/Non-words (stimuli) & Word Frequency

 

Working Memory


see also Cognitive Load








Can’t find what you need?


If you are having trouble finding a particular measure, be sure to also search the books and websites listed under Books & Catalogs of Measures above.

You might want to check websites for particular researchers/research institutions. Some will have posted on the internet their most commonly requested scales. (E.g., see U.M. Crocker lab website)

If you and your research advisor are certain you have exhausted all routes for finding a scale you know exists, you might try directly emailing the author of the scale or the researcher who seems to use it the most. Alternatively, your advisor might know of an email listserv (a group of psychologists) to turn to.

FINALLY – if you simply can’t find a scale that adequately operationalizes the construct you are interested in – don’t be afraid to make your own scale. Just be sure to use what you have learned or will be learning in Research Methods class and be sure to discuss the development and use of this scale with your research advisor.