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Laura Snodgrass, Ph.D.
Sensation & Perception Sensation & Perception
Statistics Statistics
Experimental Experimental
Cognitive Cognitive


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Cognitive Processes
Study Guide for Exam 2

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Study Guide for Exam 2

  1. How do automatic and controlled processes contribute to the feature integration theory of visual attention?
  2. What is the role of the pulvinar nucleus in visual attention?
  3. What are Tulving's three types of consciousness and how is each related to memory?
  4. What is the proposed function of the "narrator" of consciousness?
  5. Describe Baar's global workspace theory of consciousness? How does this differ from Shallice's supervisory attentional system?
  6. In discussing the mind/body problem, how does interactionism differ from dualism and materialism?
  7. How have dichotic listening and shadowing been used in the development of theories on attention? Be specific.
  8. What is meant by "bottleneck" theories of attention? Give some examples.
  9. What evidence suggests that we have no conscious awareness of our higher mental processes?
  10. Be able to describe and compare the different theories of attention. For example, how do early selection models differ from late selection or no selection models?
  11. Know the evidence to support or refute each model of attention.
  12. What is the role of pertinance in Norman's model of attention?
  13. What is the Yerkes-Dodson Law? What are the implications?
  14. What are the criteria for distinguishing an automatic versus a controlled process?
  15. What are the implications of the Stroop task?
  16. Describe the orienting response.
  17. What three aspects of a stimulus are likely to elicit orienting?
  18. Define: habituation, hedonic curve, ultradian cycle; circadian rhythm; cocktail party phenonemon.
  19. What are the three determinants of the level of arousal? Be able to explain and give examples of each of the subcategories.
  20. What is the relationship between arousal and cognition? What are the implications of this?
  21. How does a controlled process become automatic? Are there limits to how complicated a process can be automatized? What evidence supports your answer?
  22. What is the secondary task technique and what have we learned from this? Be able to devise your own secondary task experiment and explain what you would learn from doing the experiment.
  23. How might the work on focusing and switching attention be applied outside the laboratory?
  24. What evidence suggests that unattended information gets through to LTM?
  25. What processes must become automatized to become a successful student? As a student what processes should you NOT automatize and WHY?
  26. In taking an exam which processes are automatized and which are controlled? Explain your answer.
  27. What is the difference between resource limited and data limited tasks? How might these two problems influence your education?


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