|Back||Laura Snodgrass, Ph.D., Associate Professor|
Sensation and Perception
Study Guide for Final Exam
1. Know the anatomy of the ear and the function of each part.
2. Know the ascending auditory pathway and what happens at each point.
3. How does auditory processing differ in the left and right temporal lobes?
4. Know the physical and psychological variables of sound. Be able to explain how the relationships among them are complicated. For example: why does knowing the frequency you hear NOT tell me exactly what pitch you will hear?
5. How are pitch and loudness encoded in the nervous system?
6. What is Ohm's Law and how is it violated?
7. Explain and be able to discus the following: cortical tonotopic mapping, tactile two point threshold; sensory humunculus, paradoxical cold, haptic perception, olfactory epithelium, blindsight, "carpented environment", VER, visual cliff, critical periods, selective rearing.
8. What are the skin senses?
9. What do the skin mapping experiments tell us?
10. Describe in detail the differences between the lemniscal and spinothalamic pathways.
11. Why is it difficult to do research on the chemical senses?
12. How do phermones influence human behavior? Know the different experiments.
13. What are the taste qualities and what are their significance?
14. What is the difference between taste and flavor?
15. How is taste encoded by the nervous system?
16. Compare Amoore's list of basic smells with Henning's Odor Prism, and the chromatographic theory.
17. How does smell influence emotions, motivation, and memory? What kinds of survival significance might the different smells have?
18. What four sources of evidence might we look at to determine if perception is innate or learned?
19. How do set, learning, and adaptation influence adult perception? Compare their implications.
20. How does culture influence perception? Know the specific categories.
21. What research techniques have been used to investigate infant perception? What are some of the major findings?
22. What have we learned from the animal deprivation studies? What are the human equivalents for these studies?
23. Describe the relationship between the fundamental frequency and the harmonics. How is this related to timbre?
24. Be able to define and discuss the following: tinnitus, presbyacusis, beats, consonant, dissonant, synesthesia, chromesthesia
25. What are two monaural cues in auditory space perception? Describe the three binaural cues to auditory localization.
26. Be able to define and discuss the following: phonemes, phonemic restoration effect, the McGurk effect
27. Explain the difference between Broca's and Wernicke's aphasia.
28. Be able to define and discuss the following: kinesthesis, physiological zero, conditioned taste aversion, aguesia
29. Briefly describe how subjective factors influence pain perception.
30. Briefly describe the spinal gate control theory of pain.
31. How do odors work in state-dependent learning? Provide an example.
32. Explain the difference between a releaser and a primer phermone. What is the vomeronasal system?
33. Briefly summarize infant pattern preferences.
34. Briefly explain what we know about infant depth perception (be sure to include pictorial depth).
35. Describe some examples of perceptual set. How do they relate to the nature/nuture debate?
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