Modern European History

Need help with your research? Contact:

Kelly Cannon
Humanities & Business Librarian
phone: x3602
IM (AIM, Yahoo): refcannon

Reference works

generally. . .

Credo Reference
A subscription reference database including many well-known and respected reference works published ABC-CLIO, Routledge, and others.

A communally-written encyclopedia. Anyone can edit or contribute an entry, at any time. Excellent for locating controversies on a topic and getting ideas for research papers. The bibliographies often point to scholarly resources. Not itself a scholarly source per se, with no authority control.

literary biography. . .

Dictionary of Literary Biography Complete Online ***RECOMMENDED***
Available by library subscription.

Dictionary of National Biography(Ref. 920 D5543)

European Writers (Ref. 809.20 E89w)

Literature Criticism Online
Available by library subscription.

philosphy and philosophers' biographies. . .

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP)
Peer-reviewed, academic, open-access website. Introductory and authoritative.

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP)
Expert editorial review, academic, open-access. Introductory and authoritative.

religious biography. . .

Encyclopedia of the Reformation (Ref. 270.603 O98e)


Trexler Library Catalog
A catalog of books in our library.

WorldCat or Encompass
Catalog of books here and in other libraries. To obtain books from other libraries, submit an interlibrary loan request.

Periodical articles 

general indexes with full text. . .

Academic Search Premier 
A subscription database. Good starting place for journals, and includes the full text of about 3000 journals. Limit to "peer reviewed" to find only scholarly articles. Back issues of journals begin as early as 1990. Recent issues may not be included yet, due to publisher agreement. Journals held in Trexler Library are marked accordingly.

Google Scholar
An open-access web crawler that looks for content it identifies as "scholarly." Emphasis is on books and journal articles. Intended as a "federated search" to search across disciplines (weighted toward sciences and social sciences). Not always full text. Check our Journal Locator (see above) to see if Muhlenberg has access to the full text.

subject-specialty indexes. . .

Historical Abstracts
A subscription database. Standard index for European history. Some full text.

getting to the full text. . .

Once you have found the citation of a journal article you're interested in, click on the Get It link found next to the citation, or run a journal title search in Trexler Library's catalog.

articles via interlibrary loan. . .

Journal articles not found in Trexler Library can be ordered on interlibrary loan.

Web search engines, directories, and selected sites

Non-selective. One of the largest web crawlers.

Style guides

For tips on citing print and electronic sources in the Chicago style, visit Trexler Library's Citation Guides. For a more complete guide to the Chicago style, visit Purdue University's Online Writing Lab.

For automated citation, try the shareware Zotero. Here is a user guide.


© Muhlenberg College
Last modified: 20 August 2013