Index of Papyri
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This web site is presented to each user’s web browser using the encoding standard called UTF-8 (Unicode computer encoding for 8-bit character conversion and presentation). This is a so-called “backward-compatible” scheme which will correctly present characters for most languages of the world (including Ancient Greek).
Ancient Greek text was rarely accented –sometimes only breathing or marks for emphasis were added. (This is called monotonic Greek.) Later generations of Byzantine and Western scholars added accents and breathings (using so-called polytonic Greek). They added such markings to make certain Greek words and combinations of letters clearer and to remove ambiguities. Accents and breathings can occur in combined patterns which challenge not only the eye but the text’s editor.