History Department


History Upper Division

Courses in History are numbered as follows:

100-149:   Designed to acquaint beginning students with the academic study of history.

   Concentrate on broad chronological studies of countries or regions.  Generally intended for students with one prior college-level history course.

300-399:   Examine  topics  or  themes  in  history.   Generally  designed  for students with one or more prior college-level history courses.

400-449:  Reading Seminar in History and
450-499:  Research Seminar in History are designed as capstone experiences for majors and minors.

History 100 Courses

These thematic courses are designed to introduce students (both majors and non) to the discipline of history and foster an appreciation of the diversity of the historical past. Each course will familiarize students with the appropriate primary and secondary sources in the field and teach them some of the basic analytical and writing skills historians use to interpret the past.

*majors/minors can apply only one (1) HST-100 course towards completion of program.  

  1. HST-101 - Introduction to History: "Democracy in America"
    When the French aristocrat, Alexis deTocqueville, visited the United States in the 1830s he was struck most by the degree of democracy he observed in the American nation.  For most modern-day Americans, however, democracy is something we too often take for granted.  This course, which broadly surveys American history from colonial times to the present, will explore the establishment and growth of democracy in America, as well as the significant threats it sometimes faced.  Topics, which will variously focus on political economic, and social forms of democracy, include:  colonial demography, forms of government, slavery, and the movement for women's equality

  2. HST-103 – Introduction to History:  “Cultural Encounters & American Identity” 
    America has long prided itself on being a cultural "melting pot." Since the time of Europe's first contact with the Americas in 1492, America has served as a meeting place for many different peoples, races, and/or ethnic groups. This course will take a comparative perspective to the process of cultural encounter, and by using a variety of source materials, including first-person accounts, autobiographies, travel narratives, films, and scholarly secondary works, will get students thinking and writing in broad, historical terms about how American identity has been shaped through time by the cultural contacts first Europeans, then Americans, had with various Indian, African, and Asian peoples. Specifically, we will discuss Spanish, French, and English encounters with the Indians in the 1500s and 1600s, American encounters with African-Americans in the 1800s and 1900s, and American encounters with the Vietnamese during the Vietnam War.

HST-104 – Introduction to History: “Radicalism in American History”

  1. This course will examine radicalism in U.S. history from the American Revolution of the 1770s to the radical protests of the 1990s. The movements to be examined will be selected from among the following: revolutionary, republicanism, abolitionism, women's right, the labor movement, environmentalism, anarchism, socialism, communism, civil rights and black power, feminism, the New Left, and the emerging radical movements of today.

HST-105 – Introduction to History: “Themes in Modern European History”

  1. This course offers a one-semester introduction to the History of Europe and the development of European Civilization from the late Middle Ages to the present. It will focus on issues and problems in European history and try to explore major trends in the development of European thought and society and the growth of the modern state. After a two-week introductory section examining some ideas of "history" as a discipline of study, the course will spend roughly two weeks on each century from the fifteenth to the twentieth. In the process, we will focus on the Hundred Years War, the Bubonic Plagues and Great Schism of the late Middle Ages, and the concurrent rise of "national monarchies"; the Renaissance and Humanism; Luther, Calvin, and the Protestant Reformation; the growth of the modern state and the Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century; the Enlightenment and political and social revolutions of the eighteenth century; the industrialization of Europe and development of nationalistic and revolutionary ideologies in the nineteenth century; and the world wars of the twentieth century.

HST-106 Introduction to History:  "The American Dream"

  1. This course explores the concept of the American Dream.  Students will read a combination of speeches, literature, and scholarly works that illuminate the belief in and pursuit of the American Dream.  Selections will range from the seventeenth century through the twentieth century to show interpretations over time.  Readings will pay attention to those who have been denied access to the American Dream and those who have become disenchanted with its promise, as well as those who achieved the American Dream.  Issues of race, class, and gender will be highlighted

HST-108 – Introduction to History:  “World War I and the 20th Century”

  1. As the Twentieth Century draws to a close, the century as a whole seems to have certain themes: social revolution, emergence of national states, the development of mass wealth and political participation, the appearance and then, seemingly, the passing of global conflict. Why did these develop in the Twentieth Century? Can they be traced to a common source? This course will look at the origin of these developments by examining the impact of the First World War (1914-1918) on individuals, and on the social and political order.

 HST-110 Introduction to History:  "Heroes and Outcasts in the Ancient World

  1. Who was lionized, and who reviled, by the ancient Greeks and Romans, and why?  What did heroes and outcasts have in common and how did they differ?  What qualities were admirable or dangerous, and under what circumstances?  What can this tell us about these two societies and their cultures?  This seminar will try to shed light on the classical world by studying these basic questions through literature (in translation) composed by various Greek and Latin poets, dramatists, politicians, and historians-especially Homer, Aeschylus, Aristotle, Plutarch, Vergil, Cicero, and Tactitus.  We will combine an emphasis upon social and cultural history and political philosophy with the close reading of texts and the study of the ancient conventions of genre and modes of public performance.

HST-112 Introduction to History: "Movie-Made America"

  1. Since their invention in the late 19th Century movies have both reflected and helped to shape our understanding of the American nation.  Through selected readings in secondary and primary historical sources, and through careful analysis of feature films, this course seeks to explore both how our understanding of American history has been reflected in these forms of popular entertainment, and how the films have helped shape our view of the nation.

HST-115 Introduction to History:  "Disorderly American Cities"

  1. Congestion, frustration and violence currently plague American cities.  Are these problems endemic to urban living?  What are the sources of disruption?  Is disorder necessary and sometimes desirable?  What larger social, economic, political and international issues have contributed to urban tensions?  This course explores the history of U.S. urban disorder in several key periods including:  the riotous cities of Jacksonian America; late nineteenth century riot and strike torn industrial cities; American cities during the Great Depression; disrupted cities of war protest and racial violence during the 1960s; and finally, a brief look at current urban issues.

HST-117 – Introduction to History: “Mediterranean Encounters”

  1. The Mediterranean Sea has long been the arena for interactions between the peoples and cultures of Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. This course will explore the changing diplomatic, military, economic, and cultural relationships in the Mediterranean during the Early Modern period. Particular focus will be on the encounters between the Ottoman Empire and its European counterparts. Readings will emphasize the experiences of both European and Ottoman travelers, merchants, captives, soldiers, and diplomats.

HST-119 Introduction to History: “Frontiers in History:”

  1. This course uses the frontier as an excellent perspective from which to study history -- an approach that is particularly useful when placed in a comparative context. The course will first examine the theoretical and historiographic study of frontiers, including Frederick Jackson Turner's "Frontier Thesis" of American history and its critics, attempts to apply Turner's ideas to other parts of the world, Owen Lattimore's work on Inner Asial, and recent anthropological studies of frontiers and colonial expansion.  This will be followed by an analysis of specific problems and cases from a variety of cultures and historic periods, including frontiers in ancient Rome; frontier conflicts in medieval Spain and England; the interactions between the Ottoman and Habsburg Empires in the early modern period; European expansion in North America and Southern Africa; ethnicity and identity among frontier populations; and depictions of frontiers in literature and film.

  2. HST-121 Introduction to History “The City in American History”
  1. While the frontier has long been considered characteristic of American culture, cities have, in fact been the site where American culture has taken shape.  In spite of a continuing hostility to urban life, American writers, painters, musicians, and dramatists have migrated to the cities where they found a vibrant and sustaining cultural life.  This course will look at several cities at particular time periods, such as Jefferson’s Philadelphia (l790s), Whitman;s New York (1850s), and Langston Hughes’s Harlem (1920s), to explore the close connections between urbanism and American culture.  This course will focus on the interaction of politics, economics, culture, and society.

  2. HST-125  Introduction to History:  “Coming of Age in America”
  1. This course will focus on the ways in which young men and women came of age in America from Jamestown in the early 17th century to the early twenty-first century.  This topic will serve as a lens to examine some broad trends in American social and cultural history.  It will explore the experiences of young adults as they were educated, found jobs, left home, married and began to raise families.  The course will also examine the ways in which factors such as culture, religion, geography, economic and social class, race, and gender affected the process of becoming an adult from the early 17th century to the late 20th century.

 HST-126  Introduction to History: “Coming to America”

  1. Since its “discovery,” America has been the destination for a staggering number of immigrants.  Many of these immigrants, especially those of European origin, came to America largely by choice.  Leaving the Old World behind, they came here in pursuit of freedom—be it defined in religious, political, or economic terms.  By contrast, others, such as Africans, came here involuntarily.  In this course, we’ll look at the narratives written by various male and female immigrants of differing races and ethnicities from the 1700s to the present day.  We’ll use these narratives, along with the works of historians, to talk about why and how various peoples came to America and what they hoped to find or achieve here. We’ll also talk about how such factors as race, ethnicity, gender, and class shaped their experiences once they got here.       
  3. HST-128 Introduction to History: “Technology in Modern America”
  4. This course explores the role technology has played in American life from 1865 to the present.  We will examine the impact of technology on society, culture, politics, and the military.  Among the themes we will explore are the advent of radio, television, and computers; technology and the work place; government and technology; the space race; the Cold War; and the environmental movement.
  5. HST-130 Introduction to History: “America’s Consumer Nation”
  1. Modern America is a nation of consumers.  Not only do we purchase products to use, but we also define our political, social, and personal identity through the consumption of goods and services.  This course explores the evolution of America’s consumer ethos from the early ideal of thrift and ad industry to the current “I need to buy it now” mentality.  U.S. consumer history has been shaped by wars, the frontier experience, depressions, the growth of downtowns and shopping malls, industrialization and deindustrialization, the evolution of advertising and credit, the global economy, as well as by gender, race and class.  In this course, we will analyze the history of America through the eyes of our buying habits.

HST-131 Introduction to History: “World War and Memory”

  1. The course examines the memory and commemoration of World War I and World War II, with an emphasis on European memories. Students will study the political, social, and cultural construction of both personal and national memories during and after the wars. We will read about and discuss the fierce debates regarding major political decisions, personal initiatives, the experience of war, and issues of personal and national guilt and responsibility for war crimes in order to understand the practice of history.

HST-135 Introduction to History: “Latin American History through Women’s Eyes”

  1. This course will examine women's ways of telling history through a comparative study of memoirs and fiction, and political and economic histories of Latin America written by and about women.  This approach will take into account religious, racial, class, and ethnic differences, and reflect on the hybridization of cultures born out of native, European, and African cultures. The course will begin with an examination of broader issues of women's history such as alternative subjects, sources, and periodizations.
  2. HST-136 Introduction to History:  “The Nazi in the Popular Imagination”
  3. The course examines the representation of the Nazi in popular novels and films and assesses these images in light of past and recent historical scholarship. We will begin by establishing a good understanding of the origins and development of Nazism in Germany from the 1920s to 1945.  Students will spend most the course analyzing how different countries and different eras refashioned the Nazi as people’s hero, inhuman monster, sympathetic dupe, comedic object, ambitious common man, criminal clown, and cruel perpetrator of crimes against humanity.  This examination will expose students to cultural roots of the changing interpretation of Nazism since its inception.

  4. HST-138 – Introduction to History: “Becoming American:  Immigration/Ethnicity”
  5. The course will explore the myths and realities of immigration and ethnicity in American history and life. In order to do so, we will examine successive waves of immigration from Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin America, from the Colonial era to the present day. Particular attention will be paid to continuity and changes in the immigrant experience.

HST-139 – Introduction to History: “Visual Culture in Latin America”

  1. This course explores how Latin American personal and national identities are formed and expressed through visual mediums, such as film, caricatures, sketches, paintings, photography, and the written word from the point of European contact to the present.  Through selected images and text, we will explore how images are transmitted, consider how Latin Americans project and receive images of themselves, and trace change over time. Materials for the course include political cartoons from and about Latin America, and a text that examines images of race and ethnicity in Brazil.  Identifying what images and texts reveal (and obscure), this course considers the creation of nations through race, ethnicity, gender, and politics. 

HST-143   Introduction to History: “Epidemic America”

  1. This course examines American history through the prism of epidemic diseases from the 1721 smallpox epidemic in Boston to the AIDS epidemic at the end of the 20th Century.  How society and culture responded to these crisis points in American history reveals much about the changes in America from the early 18th Century to the early 21st Century.  The course will explore how epidemic diseases have had an impact on religion, science, medicine, the rise of the city, sanitation, public health, and civil rights.

HST-147  Introduction to History: “Popular Culture in Latin America”

  1. Examining the culture “of the people” of Latin America, this course explores a wide spectrum of “popular” practices located outside the realm of “high culture,” including samba, carnivals, folk ritual and magic, oral narratives, sports, and televised soap operas, or telenovelas.  By underscoring broad and diverse cultural production, this course demonstrates how popular culture facilitated mobilization and resistance of the people. It also examines western influences, portrayals of race, class, gender, and how state regulation of culture influenced these processes.

  2. HST – 148  Introduction to History:  “Creating the Nation”
  3. Nations are often depicted as simply the “natural” way of organizing human societies, but in fact, ideas about what constitutes a nation and its relationship to countries and governments have developed over time and in response to different historical circumstances. This class will examine the evolution of some of those ideas by exploring nationalism and nationalist movements in the United States, Eastern and Western Europe, and within European colonial territories, in the late-eighteenth, nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries. We will read theoretical works by scholars of nationalism like Benedict Anderson and Liah Greenfeld, and use their theories to help us analyze primary texts such as national anthems, museums, bicentennial celebrations, history textbooks, and public monuments. We will consider how conceptions of race, ethnicity, gender, language, ideology and history shaped notions of national identity, and consider how the nation came to play such a powerful role in the organization of the modern world. 

History Upper Division


  2. 221, 222.  Colonial America
    An examination of the peoples, places, and regions of early America from 1492 to 1763.  Specifically, this course focuses on the interaction of Indian, European, and African peoples, the transformation of European (Spanish, French, Dutch, and English) colonies from frontier outposts to thriving communities, and the rise and eventual cultural and economic domination of British North America.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 222 only).
  4. 223, 224.  Revolutionary America
    An examination of the political, economic, and cultural causes, contexts, and outcomes of the American Revolution, 1763-1800.  Specifically, this course investigates the origins of the conflict in eighteenth century colonial America, its impact upon various peoples (White, African American, Indian, male and female) and the regions (New England, Mid-Atlantic, and South), and its eventual resolution in the political and social workings of the Confederation and Constitutional eras. Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 224 only).
  5. 225, 226.  Nineteenth Century America
    A political and social history of the United States from 1815 to the Populists.  The course will emphasize the key political developments of our nation’s first century and the social contexts in which they occurred.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 226 only).
  6. 227, 228.  Twentieth Century America to 1945
    An examination of the changes in American political culture arising from the nation’s transformation into an urban, industrial nation.  Topics to be emphasized include the reform traditions of Progressivism and the New Deal, the rise of American internationalism, and the development of a modern American culture.  The course also uses feature films from the appropriate era to illustrate major themes in the nation’s development.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 228 only).
  7. 229, 230.  Recent US History Since 1945
    An analysis of post-World War II America focusing on the fragmentation of the national consensus on domestic and foreign policy.  Topics to be emphasized include The Cold War, McCarthyism, the civil rights revolution, the counter-culture of the 1960s, the Vietnam War, Watergate, the Reagan years, and the 1990s and beyond.  The course also relies on feature films as documents from the appropriate era to illustrate major themes in the nation’s development.Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 230 only).
  8. 231, 232.  American Cultural & Intellectual History:  Nineteenth Century
    Traces the development of American intellectual and cultural life from the early days of the new nation until the end of the nineteenth century.  Using primary sources and recent historical monographs, this course will explore both high and low culture, the creation of an urban mass culture, the development of an American literary and philosophical voice, the clash of science and religion, and the rise of a university trained professional class.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 232 only).
  9.  233, 234.  American Cultural & Intellectual History Since 1900
    Traces the development of American intellectual and cultural life since 1900.  Using primary sources and historical monographs, the course will explore topics such as the rise of American philosophy, the flourishing of American literature, the elaboration of American political and social thought, the development of popular and mass culture, and the growth of minority cultures.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 234 only).
  10. 235, 236American Civil War & Reconstruction
    A study of the period from the end of the Mexican War to the end of Reconstruction (1848-1877).  Explores the causes of the Civil War, the course of the war, and reconstruction following the Confederate surrender.  Focus will be on the campaigns, battles, and generals of the war, as well as social, cultural, economic, and political developments of the period.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 236 only).
  11. 321, 322.  America Confronts a Revolutionary World:  Foreign Policy Since 1890
    This course analyzes the causes and consequences of America’s development as a world power.  Topics to be considered include the rise of an American diplomatic tradition during the colonial/Revolutionary era, nineteenth century continental expansion, and the evolution of American internationalism in the twentieth century.  Primary emphasis is given to twentieth century developments.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 322 only).
  12. 323, 324.  Constitutional History of the United States
    This course traces the evolution and application of constitutional theories and concepts from our English forebears to the US today.  The great controversies which reached the Supreme Court are examined in light of contemporary political and cultural values and of their enduring national importance.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 324 only).
  13.  325, 326.  American Economic History
    This course, emphasizing the post-1860 period, examines both the roots of American economic growth and the impact that growth has had on American ideas, culture, and institutions.  Topics to be considered include the rise of big business, changes in the internal structure of the business establishment, the development of a corporate culture, shifting attitudes of government toward business, and the state of the modern American economy.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 326 only).
  14. 327, 328.  Women’s America
    Women, whether as daughters, wives, mothers, workers, scholars, or political activists, have played pivotal roles in American history.  This course, an overview of American women’s history from colonial times to the present, examines the variety of women’s experiences through time by analyzing the myriad roles they played in the family, society, economy, and national politics.  Specifically, using gender as its primary lens of analysis, this course seeks to uncover the broader contexts of American women’s experience by examining the dynamic interplay of women and men, values and culture, and discussing how structures of power linked especially to gender, but also to class and race, shaped women’s lives and mediated their experiences in the private and public worlds of America.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 328 only).
  15. 333, 334.  American Military History
    This course will explore the role that military combat has played in American history.  Its primary focus will be on the American Revolution, the Civil War, World War I and II, and Vietnam.  Students will discuss the causes of America’s wars, the primary military operations involved in each, and the impact each had on American society.  Extensive reading and writing, independent thinking, and wide-open class discussions will be the highlights of the course.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 334 only).
  16. 341, 342.  Environmental History of the United States
    An environmental history of the United States from the English settlement to the present.  An examination of the ideas and attitudes that shaped human impact on and interaction with the land and the environment.  The course will also explore the influence of legislation, judicial decisions, and governmental policy upon the environment.  In addition, the course will examine land-use patterns and their significant changes over the past 400 years.  The readings will emphasize relevant primary writings and recent scholarship.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 342 only).
  17.  345, 346.  Disease & Medicine in American History
    This course focuses on the complex interplay of disease and medicine in the context of American culture and society over the last two centuries.  It will examine the changing concepts of disease, the increasing success with which medicine has healed the body, and the development of the medical professions from the late eighteenth century to the present.  It will also explore the ways in which Americans have employed diseases as social and cultural metaphors.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 346 only).
  18.  347, 348.  History of Public Health in America
    This course will explore the history of public health in America from the late seventeenth century to the present. It will examine the history of medical crises that evoked a public health response, including the development of formal institutions of public health and the environmental, industrial, and social aspects of public health in the contexts of the changing medical, political, and social environments of the United States. Topics to be considered include epidemic diseases, environmental problems, industrial medicine, social issues such as smoking, and the development of departments of public health on the local, state, and national level.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 348 only).
  19.  357, 358.  Alternative America:  The Losers’ History of the United States
    Much of the history we read is written by the winners of past conflicts.  This course examines major events in America’s past, such as the ratification of the Constitution, the sectional conflict of the antebellum era, and the industrialization of the late nineteenth century, from the perspective of the losers in those conflicts.  We will consider the criticisms made by the losers and their alternatives to determine how different the United States might have been had they prevailed.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 358 only).
  20.  365, 366.  The African American Experience I: to 1896
    This course examines the history of African Americans from colonial times until 1896, the year the Supreme Court sanctioned the notion of “separate but equal.”  Specifically, it uses the writings of African Americans and other primary sources critical to their history to examine how events (such as the rise of slavery, the push for abolition, the Civil War, and the start of Jim Crow) and cultural influences (such as race, class, gender, the law, Christianity, and family life) shaped African American lives and experiences until the end of the nineteenth century.  Meets general academic requirement D or H (and W which applies to 366 only).
  21. 367, 368.  The African American Experience II: since 1896
    This course examines the history of African Americans from 1896, the year the Supreme Court sanctioned the notion of “separate but equal,” to the present.  Specifically, it uses the writings of African Americans and other primary and secondary sources to examine how events (such as the rural exodus to urban centers after Plessy vs. Ferguson; the origins, progress, protest, and organizations of the modern civil and human rights movements; and urban renewal programs) and cultural influences (such as race, class, gender, the arts, the law, and the Church) shaped African American lives and experiences in the twentieth century.  Meets general academic requirement D or H (and W which applies to 368 only).
  22. 371, 372.  The American Frontier
    The frontier is one of the most important, enduring, and mythologized symbols of America.  Through readings in primary and secondary sources, the course will explore the American frontier of the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries as process, symbol, and place.  The students will study the contrast of frontier myths with realities and will discuss the frontier’s role in shaping American culture and identity.  Close attention will be paid to the impact the pioneers had on the landscape and on the Native Americans who resided there.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 372 only).
  24. 207. Homeric Epic & Greek History
    An assessment of Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey, their historical context, and the extent to which they can be used as reliable historical sources for the Greek Bronze Age and Dark Age. Readings will include the Iliad and Odyssey in translation and secondary scholarship in Homeric poetry, Greek history, and Greek archaeology. A MILA course, the class will meet regularly during the semester then spend approximately 10-12 days in Greece after the semester, visiting museum exhibitions and archaeological sites that are critical to an understanding of “the world of Homer,” including the National Archaeological Museum and Parthenon Museum in Athens, Mycenae, Tiryns, the Nauplion Museum, Knossos, the Iraklion Museum in Crete, and the island of Santorini. Meets general academic requirement H.
  25. 213, 214.  Seventeenth Century Europe
    A detailed treatment of political, social, cultural, and intellectual developments in Europe from 1598 to 1715.  The principal focus will be on Western Europe.  Themes shall include the evolution of the dynastic monarchies, the “cultural crisis” and the Scientific Revolution, and the emergence of a European state system in the Age of Louis XIV.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 214 only).
  26. 215, 216.  Eighteenth Century Europe
    A detailed treatment of political, social, cultural, and intellectual developments in Europe from 1715 to 1795.  The principal focus will be on Western Europe.  Themes shall include the political and social structure of ancient regime Europe, the diplomacy of the European state system, the Enlightenment, and the transition from despotism to revolution.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 216 only).
  27. 217, 218.  Revolution & the Birth of Modern Europe (c. 1787-1919)
    A  comparative overview of an era of violently dramatic change, one marked by an unprecedented incidence of revolution and reaction across the European continent.  Monarchs were overthrown and restored, then overthrown again.  Republics were founded and unmade.  Liberalism and Socialism posed new challenges to the Old Order, but Conservatives found new means to preserve their political and social dominion.  Millions lost their lives in these struggles.  A new mass society was forming, seemingly founded on the twin pillars of growing economic prosperity for most and a new respect for the rule of law, founded on political pluralism.  Yet at the height of its apparent progress, Europe stood on the brink of its self-destruction.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 218 only).  
  28. 245, 246.  Modern Germany (c. 1871-present) United, Divided, Reunited
    An examination of German history since the consolidation of the Empire.  This survey investigates Kaiser William II’s regime, the Peace of Paris and the bloodshed it concluded, the Weimar Republic, the Nazi seizure of power, the Holocaust, the bipolar world of the Cold War, and national reunification in 1990.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 246 only).
  29. 247, 248.  Civil War, Holocaust, Crisis: Europe 1900-1945
    Though the 20th century began with great promise for a peaceful and prosperous future for more and more Europeans, its first fifty years were instead decades of tragedy and slaughter: an era dominated two world wars and the Holocaust.  This course will examine the political, social, economic, intellectual, and cultural history of Europe from 1900 to 1945.  Students will pay particular attention to the great conflict of ideas (Communism, Fascism, Democracy, Capitalism) that created what many Europeans consider to be a European-wide civil war stretching across the period.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 248 only).
  30. 249, 250.  From Cold War to Unification: Europe, 1945-present
    After World War II, Europe emerged a divided continent, a series of weak states allied to two rival superpowers.  The course examines the political and ideological struggle that divided Europe and the social and economic forces at work beneath the surface that brought Europeans together in the wake of the Second World War.  Drawing heavily on the use of European cinema, students will pay particular attention to the development of European culture and the cultural construction of social experience.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 250 only).
  31. 251, 252.  Foundations of the British Peoples to c. 1485
    This course surveys the prehistory and early history of Great Britain and Ireland.  It focuses on the formation of the English and Scottish monarchies and on the interactions of the English, Irish, Scottish, and Welsh peoples from early times until the early modern period.  Some emphasis will be placed on the development of government and law in England during this period.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 252 only).
  32. 253, 254.  From England to the United Kingdom:  c. 1399-c. 1800
    This course emphasizes the consolidation of national monarchies in England and Scotland, as contrasted with the politically subordinate position of Ireland, and the often conflicted interactions of their peoples.  The effects of the Reformation, seventeenth century constitutional conflicts stemming from the Anglo-Scottish dynastic union of 1603, the growth of an English/British Empire, and the subordination of Scotland (1701) and Ireland (1800) to England are all principal themes, as is the impact of the American and French Revolutions.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 254 only).
  33. 255, 256.  The British Empire/Commonwealth:  Rise & Decline, c. 1760-c. 2000
    This course focuses on Britain’s period of imperial hegemony, roughly from the Napoleonic Wars to the aftermath of World War II.  In addition to Britain’s changing international role and influence, the course treats the reforms of the 1820s and 1830s which created the governing institutions of modern Britain and looks at the slow unraveling of the “United” Kingdom in the twentieth century and its ambivalent position in the European Union today and tomorrow.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 256 only).
  34.  263, 264.  Imperial Russia
    This course surveys the history of Russia in the Imperial period, from Peter the Great to the Revolutions of 1917.  The development of the Russian state and Russian society and the influence of Western Europe are major themes.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 264 only).
  35.  265, 266.  Soviet Russia
    This course covers the Russian Revolution and the development of the Soviet State and its decline and fall.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 266 only).
  36. 315, 316.  Renaissance
    The course concentrates on the Italian Renaissance of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries and the Northern Renaissance of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.  Particular emphasis is given to the cultural, intellectual, and religious developments of that epoch.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 316 only).
  37.  317, 318.  Reformation
    Both the Protestant and Catholic Reformations are studied from primary sources.  The course progresses from an examination of the origins and causes of the Reformation to a consideration of the various types of Reformation which occurred in sixteenth century Europe.  It concludes with an examination of the impact of the Reformation upon European states and societies down to 1600.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 318 only).
  1.  319, 320.  The French Revolution & Napoleon
    The French Revolution is perhaps the most important and most studied event in European history.  It has been identified as the cause of the modern era’s deepest troubles and greatest triumphs, the root of Europe's best and worst ideals.  This course examines the figures and events of the revolution, particularly its origins, radicalization, and defeat. It explores the relationships between social and political conflict and foreign and domestic policy.  Finally, by studying Romantic Nationalist, Marxist, New Social, Revisionist, and more recent interpretations of the Revolution and Napoleon, students will understand historians' differing interpretations of its most critical turning points and the meaning of historical interpretation.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 320 only).
  2.  337, 338. France from Napoleon to the Great War, 1814-1914
    In the century between 1814 and 1914, France transformed itself from a land dominated by diverse agrarian traditions to Europe’s most modern and unified nation.  At the same time, France lost its Napoleonic mastery of Europe, declined as a great power, and sought a new future along two different paths: Imperialism and democracy.  Students will examine the fall of old France: the decline of its monarchy, the frustration of its aristocracy, and the end of peasants’ rural isolation.  The course gives particular attention to the rise of the new industrial France: a nation of deepening class divisions and tensions that exploded in four great revolutions.  Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 338 only).
  3.  377, 378.  Gender and Sex in European History
    Over the past six hundred years, definitions of what it means to be male and female have changed remarkably. This course explores the changing nature of men's and women's identities, conditions, social status, and thought, as well as the development of their political, social, and cultural powers from the 15th century to our day. Special emphasis is placed on the history of gender in France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, and Russia. The course examines gender as an analytical category, distinguishes gender from sex, raises our consciousness of gender's variability.  It exposes the forces – cultural, social, economic, and political -- that have altered gender in history.
    Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 378 only).
  5. 267, 268.  Introduction to Traditional Japan
    This course surveys the traditional culture and history of Japan down to the beginning of modernization.  Major topics are the court culture, the samurai, and the culture of the townspeople.  Appropriate for students with no prior college-level history.  Meets general academic requirement D or H.
  6.  269, 270.  Introduction to Traditional China
    Introduction to Traditional China surveys the culture, society and political institutions of China before the onset of modernization.  Pre-imperial China, traditional Chinese ways of thought, the development of the imperial structure of state, the introduction of Buddhism will be covered in the course.  Meets general academic requirement D or H.
  7.  271, 272.  Modern China
    China’s last imperial dynasty, the increasing impact of Western influence, China’s collapse, and the development of the Communist state will be examined through lectures, readings, and discussion.  Meets general academic requirement D or H (and W which applies to 272 only).
  8. 273, 274.  Modern Japan
    The Tokugawa period, the Meiji Restoration, Japan’s emergence as a major power in East Asia, World War II, and Japan’s postwar transformation will be examined through lectures, readings, and discussion.  Meets general academic requirement D or H (and W which applies to 274 only).
  9.  275, 276.  Rise of Islam
    This course will explore the period of Middle Eastern History [600-1800 CE] which witnessed the emergence of Islam as a religion, political system, and cultural tradition.  Topics include the life and career of Muhammad, the basic tenets of Islam, the Arab Conquests and rise of a unitary Islamic Empire, the Umayyad and Abbasid caliphates, the development of a high Islamic culture, the Mongol invasions and the states that grew in the aftermath of those invasions, the Mamluks of Egypt and Syria, the Ottoman Empire, and the Safavid.  Meets general academic requirement D or H (and W which applies to 276 only).
  10.  277, 278.  Modern Middle Eastern History
    A history of the Middle East in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.  Topics covered include attempts at reform in the Ottoman Empire and Iran, the impact of developing nationalisms and European imperialism, the impact of World War I and World War II, the emergence of new states, and the Arab/Israeli conflict.  Meets general academic requirement D or H (and W which applies to 278 only).
  11.  291, 292.  Colonial Latin America
    The study of major themes of colonial Latin American history, such as the encounter between Europeans and Indigenous peoples, the biological and cultural consequences of conquest, moral questions of conquest, and the development of colonial society and institutions.  Meets general academic requirement D or H (and W which applies to 292 only).
  12. 293, 294.  Modern Latin America
    The study of post independence Latin America, nation building, and twentieth century issues such as poverty, human rights, revolutions, and relations with the United States.  The course also examines modern Latin American culture through literature, art, and religion.  Meets general academic requirement D or H (and W which applies to 294 only).
  13.  391, 392.  The Mongol Legacy
    The Mongol invasions changed the societies of Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and East Asia. The Mongol armies swept away long-established states and introduced new political arrangements and ideologies. This course will investigate the rise and fall of the Mongol world empire with special emphasis on how these developments affected the states and peoples of the Middle East. The conquests of Genghis Khan in the thirteenth century followed a pattern established by earlier Eurasian steppe empires.  We will also study the social, cultural, economic, and political aspects of the nomadic invasions. The period of study is bracketed by the rise of the Mongol world empire at one end and the conquests of Tamerlaine at the other.  Meets general academic requirements D or H (and W which applies to 392 only).
  14.  393, 394.  The Arab-Israeli Conflict
    Every day the news is filled with stories of the violent struggle between Israel and the Arabs. This course will examine the origins and development of that conflict. We will discuss a range of topics, including the emergence of Zionism, pan-Arabism and Palestinian nationalism, the wars between Israel and the Arab states, the rise of terrorist groups, the role of the world community and especially the United States, and the continuing efforts to find a peaceful settlement to the region’s problems. Particular emphasis will be placed on the diversity of perspectives regarding the conflict, its history, and potential solutions.  Meets general academic requirements D or H (and W which applies to 394 only).
  15.  395, 396.  Sultans, Harems, & Slaves: The Ottoman Empire
    This course will examine the history of the Ottoman Empire from its rise in the mid-fourteenth century to its demise in the early twentieth century. We will trace the development of the Ottoman state from a small warrior principality on the frontiers of Byzantium to a multi-ethnic, multi-religious world empire ruling the Middle East, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean. We will consider Ottoman state institutions; relations with other states, Muslim and Christian; minority rights and communal conflict; the impact of the rise of the European Great Powers; the development of nationalisms; and the emergence of national successor states in all regions of the former empire.  Meets general academic requirements D or H (and W which applies to 396 only).


  1. 400-449.  Reading Seminar in History
    A reading seminar devoted to an in depth examination of an historical topic or era. Topics of seminars will vary and will be announced prior to registration. Required of all history majors and minors. Students must register for the corresponding research seminar in the following semester to satisfy the requirements for the history major or minor.  Prerequisite: any two history courses

  2.  450-499.  Research Seminar in History
    A research and writing seminar, paired with a Reading Seminar in History (HST 400-449), that provides students with the opportunity to engage in significant independent research on an aspect of the readings seminar topic. This seminar will also address different approaches to history, the nature and types of historical sources, bibliographic aids in research, general research skills, the authenticity and reliability of sources, and the techniques and processes of various types of historical writing. Required of all history majors and minors. Prerequisite: successful completion of the Reading Seminar in History paired with the Research Seminar. Meets general academic requirement W.

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