Public Health Minor Program




Biology Courses
BIO 101: Human Biology, Science & Society
This course covers topics in human structure and function, human genetics, and human ecology.  A scientific and bio-ethical approach is used to study issues related to society as a whole as well as to an individual.  The overall goal of the course is to help students become more scientifically literate so that they can make informed decisions.
Meets general academic requirement S.

BIO 109: Bubonic Plague to AIDS:  The Influence of Infectious Disease on the Human Species & Environment
Infectious disease has and continues to have a profound influence on humans and the environment in which they live.  Bubonic plague, smallpox, syphilis, malaria, and AIDS, as well as other emerging viruses, will be studied as specific examples of infectious disease.  The biology of the microbes involved; their epidemiology, resulting pathology, and control will be discussed.  Emphasis will be placed on the historical, political, and social consequences of infectious disease. Offered as a course designed for Muhlenberg Scholars.
Meets general academic requirement S.

BIO 111: Crisis Earth

BIO 114: Concepts of Biology:  Humanity & the Biological World
The primary focus of this course is to examine the origin and nature of the life forms that exist today and the effect of human activity on those organisms.  As a background for understanding those changes, the role of the environment and genetics in the evolution of living species will be studied.  Review of biological, geological, and meteorological concepts will support the study.
Meets general academic requirement S.

BIO 118: Concepts of Biology:  Genes, Genomes, & Society
Students will consider the impact of genetic information on both individuals and various aspects of society, with a particular focus on human health and disease. The course begins with an introduction to human genetics, which will serve as background for discussion of aspects of the human condition that have a genetic basis as well as uses of genome sequence information. In addition to learning the underlying biology, discussions will include related societal, ethical, and policy topics.
Meets general academic requirement S.

BIO 150: Principles of Biology I:  Organisms & Populations
The first course in the introductory biology sequence for intended majors and for those interested in a more substantial introduction to Biology is an introduction to the core themes of biology emphasizing the scientific method, evolution, the diversity of life, and how organisms interact with their environment. Three class hours per week and weekly recitations.
Meets general academic requirement S.

BIO 151: Principles of Biology II: Cells & Organisms

Business Administration Courses
BUS 260,261: Marketing in Not for Profit Organizations
Marketing in Not for Profit organizations is a service-learning course that builds upon what the students have studied in Marketing. Other marketing courses primarily refer to for-profit organizations. In this course, the students learn about the non-profit sector; read about pertinent philosophical, religious, and historical underpinnings behind philanthropy, volunteerism, and the non-profit sector; study marketing concepts and how they are applied at non-profits; and perform a hands-on service learning marketing project with a non-profit organization.
Prerequisite:  BUS 239 or 240  Marketing or permission of instructor.  Limited to juniors or seniors.
Meets general academic requirement W when offered as 261.

Chemistry Courses
CHM 101: Chemistry of the Environment

Designed for students majoring in social sciences and humanities.  A study of the basic principles of chemistry.  The approach is qualitative, with reference to discoveries that were important in the development of the science of chemistry.  The principles are applied to discussions of current environmental concerns such as air and water pollution, global warming, ozone depletion, alternative energy sources and waste disposal.  Additional topics may include aspects of metallurgy and geochemistry.  No previous work in chemistry is assumed.  Three hours (lecture-demonstrations) per week.
Meets general academic requirement S.

Media and Communication Courses
COM 334,335: Health Communication
Examines interpersonal as well as mediated dimensions of health communication, including theories and case studies that address issues in physician and patient communication; gender, race, and cultural constituents in health communication; techniques for the production, distribution, and assessment of health-care information; the design and implementation of public health campaigns; and the use of communication technologies in the production of health communications.  Emphasizes writing.
Meets general academic requirement W when offered as 335.

COM 336, 337: Environmental Communication

Economics Courses
ECN 243,244: Health Care Economics
The purpose of this course is to study the facts, concepts, and analyses necessary to understand national health care.  The emphasis of the course will be on the economic arguments for or against alternative public policy initiatives in health care and public and private health care systems. 
Prerequisite:  ECN 101 Principles of Macroeconomics or ECN 102 Principles of Microeconomics
Meets general academic requirement W when offered as 244.

ECN 245,246: Environmental Economics
This course explores the relationship between the economy and the environment.  Mainstream economic theories and policies will be analyzed from a critical and American policy perspective.  The impact of externalities, social costs, property rights, market controls, government regulations, and economic development on environmental protection will be analyzed.  Other topics covered will include accounting for pollution and resource depletion in GDP statistics, cost-benefit analysis, population, and sustainable development. Offered in the spring semesters of odd numbered years.
Prerequisite:  ECN 101 Principles of Macroeconomics or ECN 102 Principles of Microeconomics
Meets general academic requirement W when offered as 246.

Environmental Science Courses
ESC 111: Topics in Environmental Science
Environmental science is an interdisciplinary subject area that draws on biology, chemistry, geology, and ecology to study the earth’s natural systems. Students learn how science is conducted and study the earth’s natural environments, interactions of organisms with each other as well as their physical surroundings and the sources and effects of environmental stress. Three hours of lecture/discussion each week.
Meets general academic requirement S.

ESC 113: Environmental Science I
This is an introductory environmental science course that investigates the functioning of earth’s natural systems. Topics include the cycling and flow of water, energy, and nutrients, biodiversity, the basic principles of ecology, and the interrelationships between organisms and their environments. The causes and effects of, as well as possible solutions to, several environmental problems are covered as well. For example, human population growth, agriculture, and energy utilization are discussed in detail. Laboratory exercises and field trips teach students to use basic techniques to collect and analyze ecological and environmental data and reinforce topics discussed in the lecture. Three hours of lecture/discussion and three hours of laboratory each week.
Meets general academic requirement S.

History Courses

HST 143: Epidemic America

HST 341,342: Environmental History of the US
An environmental history of the United States from the English settlement to the present.  An examination of the ideas and attitudes that shaped human impact on and interaction with the land and the environment.  The course will also explore the influence of legislation, judicial decisions, and governmental policy upon the environment.  In addition, the course will examine land-use patterns and their significant changes over the past 400 years.  The readings will emphasize relevant primary writings and recent scholarship.
Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 342 only).

HST 345,346: Disease and Medicine in American History
This course focuses on the complex interplay of disease and medicine in the context of American culture and society over the last two centuries.  It will examine the changing concepts of disease, the increasing success with which medicine has healed the body, and the development of the medical professions from the late 18th century to the present.  It will also explore the ways in which Americans have employed diseases as social and cultural metaphors.
Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 346 only).

HST 347, 348:  History of Public Health in America
This course will explore the history of public health in America from the late seventeenth century to the present. The course will examine the history of medical crises that evoked a public health response. The development of formal institutions of public health, and the environmental, industrial, and social aspects of public health in the contexts of the changing medical, political and social environments of the United States. Topics to be considered include epidemic diseases, environmental problems, industrial medicine, social issues such as smoking, and the development of departments of public health on the local, state and national level.
Meets general academic requirement H (and W which applies to 348 only).

Mathematical Sciences Courses
MTH 104: Statistical Methods
An introduction to statistical methods, including descriptive statistics, sampling, estimation, hypothesis testing, correlation and regression, and the chi-square distribution.  Three meetings and one laboratory per week.  Students may not receive credit for both MTH 104 Statistical Methods and MTH 144 Introduction to Statistical Analysis.  Students who have completed MTH 121 Calculus I are required to have the permission of the department.
Meets general academic requirement G

MTH 119: Statisical Analysis

MTH 332: Mathematical Statistics II
A continuation of MTH 331 Mathematical Statistics I.  Topics will include estimation, hypothesis testing, regression, correlation, and analysis of variance.  Offered in alternate years.
Prerequisite:  MTH 331 Mathematical Statistics I.

Philosophy Courses
PHL 241: Biomedical Ethics
An examination of the ethical issues raised by such practices as abortion, euthanasia, birth control, life prolonging techniques, human experimentation, recombinant DNA research, and cloning.  How might such practices affect the individual and society?  Are such practices ethical?  Do patients and/or doctors have a right to refuse treatment?  What considerations are relevant in making life or death decisions?  How should scarce medical resources be allocated?
Meets general academic requirement P.

PHL 246: Environmental Philosophy
Examination of several theoretical approaches to the question of human relations with the nonhuman world and to associated questions about valuation, human society, and human morality.  Usually these will include:  some forms of radical ecophilosophy such as ecofeminism, deep ecology, and social ecology; environmental ethics based in traditional views such as utilitarianism and rights theories; and anthropocentric reformist views on the instrumental value of nature.  Attention is given, where possible, to non-European perspectives.
Meets general academic requirement P.

Political Science Courses
PSC 213,214: Public Health Policy
The course is a survey of contemporary issues related to the provision of public health policies in the United States.  From disease control to the provision of health insurance, government plays a central role in the field of American health care.  Therefore, this course provides attention to numerous aspects of government interaction in the area of health policy, including the funding of research, regulation of pharmaceuticals, management and prevention of epidemics, and the provision of medical insurance.  The class is designed for students interested in pursuing careers related to public health or with a general interest in the field.  Course requirements include a number of research projects and required service experiences in local health care locations such as Allentown’s health department and local medical clinics. The class will also include a simulation that examines the decision making process that is used by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) in addressing a potential outbreak of an infectious disease.
Meets general academic requirement B (and W which applies to 214 only).

PSC 216,217: Environmental Politics & Policymaking
A study of recent and contemporary U.S. environmental policy and its formulation. The course examines the political and institutional settings and constraints on the formulation of environmental policy, including the role of the President, Congress, the courts, bureaucracy, state governments, and interest groups. Attention will also be given to theoretical issues as they arise out of, and influence, the policy making process. In addition, the course will examine the interaction of global environmental problems and domestic policy making.
Meets general academic requirement B (and W which applies to 217 only).

PSC 219,220: Public Administration
An examination of the theory and practice of managing the public sector with emphasis on the politics of administration, organization structures, communications, decision-making systems, budgeting processes, and personnel management.
Meets general academic requirement B (and W which applies to 220 only).

Psychology Courses
PSY 103: Psychological Statistics
Introduction to the role of statistical analyses in testing hypotheses in psychology. Students will learn both descriptive and inferential uses of statistics as they apply to a variety of research designs commonly used in psychology. This course also emphasizes scientific writing and the use of SPSS to conduct statistical analyses.
Prerequisite:  PSY 101 Introductory Psychology and MTH 104 Statistical Methods or MTH 121 Calculus I

PSY 213: Abnormal Psychology
An exploration of psychological problems ranging from the commonplace to the bizarre.  The classification, assessment, causes, course treatment and prevention of the major types of abnormal behavior will be addressed.  Pertinent scientific research, narrative approaches, and major theories will be emphasized.  Prerequisite:  PSY 101 Introductory Psychology

PSY 421: Health Psychology

Public Health Courses
PBH 200: Issues in Public Health
Using a topical approach, this course is designed to introduce students to the wide variety of disciplines associated with the field of Public Health.  Based on the issue or issues selected as the focal point of the course, students will examine the global impact of disease from various points of view—historically, biologically, economically, psychologically, and politically.  In doing so, the course will explore the roles of those in Public Health such as epidemiologists, health care managers, media broadcasters, health specialists, environmentalists, and public policy makers in maintaining the health safety of the public. 

Sociology Courses

SOC 317: Sociology of Medicine, Health, and Illness

SOC 320: Environmental Sociology
This course analyzes the social causes and consequences of environmental change.  We explore the relationships among production, consumption, population, technology, and environment.  The major theoretical paradigms in environmental sociology are used to analyze environmental issues.  Some of the questions we address include:  Is “green” capitalism possible?  Does population growth lead to environmental degradation?  Can technical fixes solve environmental problems?  Has the environmental movement been successful?  Offered every other year.
Prerequisite:  SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology or ATH 112 Cultural Anthropology
Meets general academic requirement B.

Sustainability Studies

SUS 350: Enviromental & Cultural Conservation in Latin America