Publications related to Bird-Window Collisions 

(those shown in RED have downloadable PDF files)

Last Updated: 15 July 2013

2013. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Select Visual Signals to Prevent Bird-window Collisions. Klem Jr., D and P. G. Saenger. 2013. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 125(2):406-411.

2012. Direct human-caused mortality of birds: improving quantification of magnitude and assessment of population impact. Scott R Loss, Tom Will, and Peter P Marra
Front Ecol Environ 2012; doi:10.1890/110251

2012. Factors influencing the annual risk of bird–window collisions at residential structures in Alberta, Canada. Wildlife Research 39, 583–592. Erin M. Bayne Corey A. Scobie and Michael Rawson-Clark

2012. Scavenging affects persistence of avian carcasses resulting from window collisions in an urban landscape. Journal of Field Ornithology 83 (2):203-211. Stephen B. Hagar, Bradley J. Cosentino, and Kelly J. McKay.

2010. Klem, D., Jr. Conservation issues: Sheet glass as a principal human-associated avian mortality factor, Chapter 20. In S. K. Majumdar, T. L. Master, R. M. Ross, R. Mulvihill, M. Brittingham, and J. Huffman [eds.], Avian ecology and conservation: A Pennsylvania focus with national implications. Pennsylvania Academy of Science, Easton, PA

2010. Avian Mortality at Windows: The Second Largest Human Source of Bird Mortality on Earth. Proceedings of the Fourth International Partners in Flight Conference: Tundra to Tropics. Pgs 244-251

2009. Rossler, M., Laube, W., Weihs, P. Avoiding Bird Collisions with Glass Surfaces. Experimental investigations of the efficacy of markings on glass under natural light conditions in Flight Tunnel II.

2009. Windows and Vegetation: Primary Factors in Manhattan Bird Collisions. Northeastern Naturalist  16(3):455-470. Yigal Gelb and Nicole Delacretaz

2009. Preventing Bird–Window Collisions. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121(2):314-321. Daniel Klem Jr.

2009. Architectural and Landscape Risk Factors Associated with Bird-Glass Collisions in an Urban Environment. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121(1):126–134. Daniel Klem, Jr., Christopher J. Farmer, Nicole Delacretaz, Yigal Gelb, and Peter G. Saenger

2008. Bird Density and Mortality at Windows. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120(3): 550-564. Stephen B. Hagar, Heidi Trudell, Kelly J. McKay, Stephanie M. Crandall, and Lance Mayer

2007. Windows: an unintended fatal hazard for birds. In Connecticut State of the Birds 2007. Connecticut Audubon Society, Fairfield, CT, pp. 7-12. Daniel Klem, Jr.

2006. Glass: a deadly conservation issue for birds. Bird Observer 34(2): 73-81. Daniel Klem, Jr.

2005. Comparison of fatal bird injuries from collisions with towers and windows. Journal of Field Ornithology 76(2): 127-133. Carl J. Veltri and Daniel Klem, Jr.

2004. Effects of Window Angling feeder Placement, and Scavengers on Avian Mortality at Plate Glass.  Wilson Bulletin, 116(1), pp 69-73. Daniel Klem, Jr., David C. Keck, Karl L. Marty, Amy J. Miller Bell, Elizabeth E. Niciu, and Cory T. Platt.

2000. Collisions between Birds and Windows: A preliminary Review in France. Ornithos 7(76-80) Marc Duquet.

1991. Glass and bird kills: an overview and suggested planning and design methods of preventing a fatal hazard. Wildlife Conservation in MetropolitanEnvironments, National Symposium on Urban Wildlife, Series 2, L. W. Adams and D. L. Leedy, eds, National Symposium on Urban Wildlife, pp. 99-103. Daniel Klem Jr.

1990. Bird injuries, cause of death, and recuperation from collisions with windows. Journal of Field Ornithology 61(1): 115-119. Daniel Klem, Jr.

1990. Collisions between birds and windows: mortality and prevention. Journal of Field Ornithology 61(1): 120-128. Daniel Klem, Jr.

1989. Bird-window collisions. The Wilson Bulletin 101(4): 606-620. Daniel Klem, Jr.

1981. Avian predators hunting birds near windows. Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 55: 90-92. Daniel Klem, Jr.

1979. Human Related Mortality of Birds in the United States. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Special Scientific Report- Wildlife No. 25. Richard C. Banks

1976. Reflective Plate Glass- A Hazard to Migrating Birds. BioScience Vol. 26 No. 6. Richard C. Banks