Lindera benzoin

Biology Department NSF

Lindera benzoin or spicebush is a common understory shrub in moist forests of eastern North America from southern Ontario to Florida. The plant is considered shade-adapted but occurs in a range of light conditions from deep shade within the forest understory to bright light on forest edge and in tree-fall gaps. L. benzoin flowers in early April, and leaves emerge and new vegetative growth begins in mid-May. Herbivory by lepidopteran larvae becomes apparent on the leaves by late June and is easily distinguished and measured.


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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0442049.

Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.