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Lindera benzoin or spicebush is a common understory shrub in moist forests of eastern North America from southern Ontario to Florida. The plant is considered shade-adapted but occurs in a range of light conditions from deep shade within the forest understory to bright light on forest edge and in tree-fall gaps. L. benzoin flowers in early April, and leaves emerge and new vegetative growth begins in mid-May. Herbivory by lepidopteran larvae becomes apparent on the leaves by late June and is easily distinguished and measured..