Scandium is named from the Latin Scandia, Scandinavia and was discovered in1876 in the minerals euxenite and gadolinite, which had not been found anywhere except in Scandinavia. Scandium is much more abundant in the sun and some stars than here on earth. It is about the 23rd most abundant element in the sun, compared to the 50th most abundant on earth. It is widely distributed on earth occuring in very minute quantities in over 800 mineral species. Scandium is a silvery-white metal that is relatively soft and light. The first pound of pure scandium metal was produced in 1960. It is used to produce high intensity lights and the radioactive isotope is used as a tracing agent in refinery crackers for crude oil.